Mar. 22, 1923 ~ Feb. 1, 2002
Master who overcame numerical inferiority with tactics,
raises morale of the Korean Army
- At the Battle of Yeongcheon, a surprising operation of bold command
and brinkmanship tactics using foggy weather.
On August 14, 1950, gunshots and gunfire rang out in Daburi, Gasan-myeon, Chilgok-gun, Gyeongsangbuk-do. A musty smell and black smoke were scattered everywhere. The whole area was stained with red blood. The South Korean Army, which was pushed down by the North Korean attack, was left with only the last line of defense on the Nakdong River. The North Korean Army, which was engaged in a speed battle, heated up in the face of a high mountain that would take over the Korean Peninsula. The Korean Army did not back down. The fierce battle of Dabudong took place here.
On this afternoon, the 11th Regiment of the ROK 1st Division engaged in a fierce hand-to-hand battle with the North Koreans for four hours near the Shinjumak in Uiseong-gun. The North Korean Army has been attacking with tanks. General Kim Dong-bin, who was the commander of the 11th Regiment, put forward a daring command and a brinkmanship tactics. The South Korean military launched a close-knit assault, led by a rocket launcher. It was a victory achieved through blood and tears by intertwining with each other day and night. General Kim pushed forward with this momentum. His tactics also shined in the Battle of Yeongcheon. When the North Korean Army threatened to occupy even Daegu, the 11th Regiment began to provide support around Yeongcheon, North Gyeongsang Province. There were far fewer South Koreans than North Koreans. In Yeongcheon, it rained just in time, and the fog was thick. When the North Korean Army had difficulty securing visibility, General Kim used this chance to secretly throw a grenade into the North Korean position. As the North Korean Army moved to and fro, they swung their bayonets and engaged in a head-to-head battle. This battle of Yeongcheon instilled morale in the Korean Army who repeatedly retreating.
General Kim Dong-bin made a major contribution to defeating half of the two divisions of the North Korean Army during Operation Haepyeong-ri (August 3, 1950) in the very year the Korean War broke out. Then, from September, when the UN and ROK forces counterattack began, the recapture operation of Pyongyang (October 19), the Battle of Taecheon, North Pyongan Province (November 26), and the Battle of Jeokseong at the Imjin River in 1951 (the so-called Imjin River Battle, April 22), he also made his name while participating in Korean War. All of these are major battles of the Republic of Korea Army. In August 1953, as the commander of the 1st Division, he was awarded the Taegeuk Military Service Medal, the highest military decoration in the military by the government. General Kim was born in Deoksan-myeon, Gilju-gun, North Hamgyeong Province. After graduating from Yongjeong Middle School in Manchuria, China, he joined the military as the 1st member of the Military Academy after Korean liberation. In June 1946, when he was 23, he was commissioned as a second lieutenant in the Army.